Ash dieback is a serious disease of ash trees caused by the fungus Hymenoscyphus fraxineus (It used to be called Chalara fraxinea). The disease causes leaf loss and crown dieback in affected trees and can lead to the death of the tree.

 

Further information on the disease and symptoms can be found on

Information on Ash Dieback (Forestry Commission website)
A copy of the Forest Research Rapid Assessment on the disease is available at Forest Research Rapid Assessment

Current Situation in Northern Ireland

At the 15 December 2015 a total of 110 premises with recently planted ash and 3 nursery/trade findings have been confirmed infected in Northern Ireland

The plants are all linked to imports. Ongoing action is being taken to destroy the saplings and debris. Survey work is continuing.

 

Reporting Suspect Symptoms

We would also urge professionals engaged in the plant trade, and those involved in tree planting and management to be vigilant for any signs of the disease, particularly in young trees.
For more information and photos on what to look out for, click on the link below

If you are concerned about symptoms in ash you manage please contact DARD on 0300 200 7847 or email planthealth@dardni.gov.uk. You can also report suspect symptoms using a smartphone. Go to www.treecheck.net and complete the form.

and a video showing symptoms is available below

Signs of the disease include:

  • diseased saplings typically display dead tops and/ or side shoots at the base of dead side shoots, lesions can often be found on the subtending branch or stem
  • lesions which girdle the branch or stem can cause wilting of the foliage above
  • mature trees affected by the disease initially display dieback of the shoots and twigs at the periphery of their crowns. Dense clumps of foliage may be seen further back on branches where recovery shoots are produced

Legislation

Legislation is now in force to prevent the introduction and spread of Ash Dieback here through plants, seeds and wood.

Ash Plants and Seeds for Planting

The Plant Health (Amendment No.3) Order (Northern Ireland) 2012 (legislation.gov.uk website)

Ash Wood and Bark

The Plant Health (Wood and Bark) (Amendment) Order (Northern Ireland) 2012 (legislation.gov.uk website)

Biosecurity

There are things you can do to prevent pests and diseases spreading from site to site.

For advice on working in forests/woods, see attached Biosecurity Guidance

For visitors to the countryside, see link below on tree health and biosecurity
Tree Health Biosecurity Poster
For review on biocide and disinfectant treatment on Ash dieback, see
Efficacy of biocides and disinfectants on chalara fraxinea (AFBI website)

More useful links